Most AU member states have signed the agreement. Benin, Botswana, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria and Zambia did not sign the agreement.  Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari was particularly reluctant to join if it against Nigerian entrepreneurship and Nigerian industry.  On 7 July 2019, Nigeria and Benin pledged to sign free trade with Africa at the 12th Special Session of the Association`s Assembly on ACFTA; Eritrea is the only country among the 55 member states of the African Union that has not signed the agreement.    Both parties agree to grant each other, subject to their respective laws and regulations, appropriate opportunities for fairs and exhibitions in their respective jurisdictions. Subject to their respective import, export, foreign exchange and other provisions, both parties provide them with the widest possible opportunities and take all appropriate measures to promote trade between the two countries in all possible ways, including with regard to the items covered by The I and S lists attached to this agreement. Several committees have been established for trade in goods, trade in services, rules of origin, trade policy measures, non-tariff barriers, technical barriers to trade, and health and plant health measures.  Dispute resolution rules and procedures are still being negotiated, but should also include the appointment of a dispute resolution authority.  The Committee of Senior Trade Officials implements the Council`s decisions.
The Committee is responsible for the development of programmes and action plans for the implementation of the AfCFTA agreement.  It is hoped that the volume of annual trade between the two countries will reach $3 billion in the near future. Abyei, the still-disputed area between Sudan and South Sudan, is the traditional home of the Ngok Dinka, who have close ties to the South Sudanese Dinka tribe. The herds of Misseriya, a northern Arab tribe, cross Abyei and other north-south border areas with their cattle in search of water and pasture in the dry season and to negotiate goods. The SAfCFTA secretariat is responsible for coordinating the implementation of the agreement and is an autonomous body within the AU system. Although it has an independent legal personality, it will work closely with the AU Commission and receive its AU budget. The Council of Ministers responsible for trade will decide on the headquarters, structure, role and responsibilities.  The African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government is the highest decision-making body. It will probably meet during the AU summit.  The Council of Trade Ministers provides strategic trade oversight and ensures the effective implementation and implementation of the AfCFTA agreement.  The Republic of South Sudan is considered a post-conflict country, which became officially independent in July 2011.